The Principle of Closure | Best Web Design

The Principle of Closure



The principle of closure

There are times where we cannot see a whole object, but the human mind combines the visual information available to form a whole meaningful object; this is referred to as the law of closure, a Gestalt principle of perceptual organisation.

Grouping Laws

Such is our drive to make sense of the world, the human visual system will often interpret blank space as a whole object. The figures above serve as simple examples of the perceptual bias to piece together limited visual information with blank space, to form whole objects.

Rather than perceiving these four figures in terms of the black shapes alone, our visual system fills in the gaps between the black, visible elements, creating the impression of a triangle within a black square, a circle within a black triangle, a triangle within three black dots, and a star within sixteen black dots, respectively. Therefore, human perception ‘adds’ information to the visual information available to create a complete visual scene.

The Importance of Closure

The ability to piece together limited visual information to form whole mental representations of figures in our environment is an important aspect of human perception.

There are many occasions where we do not have a complete view of a single or group of visual objects; without the biasing processes that occur within our perceptual systems, visual scenes would be harder to comprehend, and extracting meaningful representations would require more time and concentration. Therefore, the biasing effects of human perception help us see the world as whole or complete.

July 30, 2019

Design principles: Gestalt Psychology

Recognition of meaningful items, objects or any other visual element does not occur through a process of identifying and piecing together composite parts. […]